Ancient world


Possible references to female ejaculation exist in Indian erotic texts, such as the Kama Sutra of Vatsyayana (Bechtel 1996) and the sixteenth century Ananga Ranga. Many Indian temples including Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh), Konark Sun Temple (Orissa) and Vijayanagara temples (Karnataka) have carved images depicting female ejaculation. The Kama Sutra states (II,1: 186) that

The pre seminal fluid of women continues to fall from the beginning of the sexual union to the end, in the same way as that of the male. ...Kamasutra


Chinese sex handbooks, such as Secret Methods of the Plain Girl by Su Nu Ching (Sui Dynasty 590–618 AD), also describe ejaculation "Copious emissions from her inner heart begin to exude outward".
Greek and Roman accounts

Greek and Roman writers accepted female ejaculation as normal and pleasurable, but there was debate as to whether the fluids, like male ejaculate, were progenitive (contained generative seed). De Graaf claims that Galen mentions Herophilos (335–280 BC) as describing a prostate-like organ in the fourth century BC, although this is debatable. Aristotle (384–322 BC) did not believe that the fluids were progenitive, whereas Hippocrates (460–370 BC) and Galen (129–200 AD) stated that they were, the two semen theory.
In the Generation of Animals, Aristotle argues that the function of the fluid is pleasure, not procreation:
Some think that the female contributes semen in coition because the pleasure she experiences is sometimes similar to that of the male, and also is attended by a liquid discharge. But this discharge is not seminal...The amount of this discharge when it occurs, is sometimes on a different scale from the emission of semen and far exceeds it.
Hippocrates stated that "if the ejaculate of the man runs together directly with that from the woman, she will conceive", while Galen differentiated procreative and pleasurable female fluids, attributing the latter to what he described as the prostate.
The fluid in her prostate ...contributes nothing to the generation of offspring...it is poured outside when it has done its service...This liquid not only stimulates...the sexual act but also is able to give pleasure and moisten the passageway as it escapes. It manifestly flows from women as they experience the greatest pleasure in coitus...
Eventually it was this two semen theory that prevailed in Arabic, and then Western medical teaching.




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